2019 Smithsonian Visionary Artist
Joyce J. Scott
Joyce J. Scott is the 2019 recipient of the Smithsonian Visionary Award, honored for her work in jewelry. Scott is an African-American artist best known for her depictions of racially and politically charged subjects, crafted from bead work. Scott’s works are influenced by a variety of cultures, including Native American and African.
“I believe in messing with stereotypes. It’s important for me to use art in a manner that incites people to look and then carry something home—even if it’s subliminal.”
Scott’s works are held in the collections of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, as well as the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Art and Design in New York, the Philadelphia Art Museum, the Baltimore Museum, the Houston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
2017 Smithsonian Visionary Artist
Faith Ringgold: world-renowned fiber artist
Faith Ringgold is best known for her narrative quilts (i.e., paintings that she quilts), which represent the development of craft into fine art.
She is a master of many media, including sculpture and books. Her first book, Tar Beach, was based on a quilt with the same title. Written for children of all ages, this book has won over 30 awards including the coveted Caldecott Honor and the Coretta Scott King award. She has been an art educator both in public schools and in higher education. Her work weaves compelling, powerful stories of American life as seen through the lens of the African American female experience.
Ringgold’s work has been exhibited in museums and galleries around the world including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts Boston and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. She is the recipient of more than 75 awards, notably the National Endowment of the Arts award for sculpture, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship for painting and the National Endowment of the Arts Award for painting.
2016 Smithsonian Visionary Artist
Dale Chihuly: American Glass Artist
Born in 1941 in Tacoma, Washington, Dale Chihuly was introduced to glass while studying interior design at the University of Washington. After graduation in 1965, Chihuly enrolled in the first glass program in the country at the University of Wisconsin. He continued his studies at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), where he later established the glass program and taught for more than a decade.
In 1968, after receiving a Fulbright Fellowship, he went to work at the Venini glass factory in Venice. There he observed the team approach to blowing glass, which is critical to the way he works today. In 1971, Chihuly cofounded Pilchuck Glass School in Washington State. With this international glass center, Chihuly has led the avant-garde in the development of glass as a fine art.
His work is included in more than 215 museum collections worldwide. He has been the recipient of many awards, including twelve honorary doctorates and two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts.
Chihuly has created more than a dozen well-known series of works, among them, Cylinders and Baskets in the 1970s; Seaforms, Macchia, Vemetoams and Persions in the 1980s; Niijima Floats and Chandeliers in the 1990s; and Fiori in the 2000s. Baskets and Cylinders: Recent Glass by Dale Chihuly was his first solo Smithsonian exhibition in 1978. Slate Green and Amber Tipped Chandelier, 1994, can be seen in the newly renovated Renwick Gallery. His recent exhibits in 2016 include the Atlanta Botanical Garden and Chihuly at the Royal Ontario Museum.
2015 Smithsonian Visionary Artist
Toots Zynsky, Visionary in Glass
Toots Zynsky was born and raised in Massachusetts and is a graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design. Her quest for understanding and testing the limits of glass-making has continued for more than 40 years and has fanned several continents. Her signature heat-formed file de verre (glass thread) vessels are widely cherished and considered to be unique in the world of glass art. Her pieces inhabit a region all their own, interweaving the traditions of painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts. She spent 16 years abroad living in Europe and West Africa. Her extraordinary glass art is collected by major museums, including the deYoung Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; Musee des Arts Decoratifs du Louvre, Paris, France; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; Smithsonian American Art Museum’s Renwick Gallery; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Entland, among many in an extensive list throughout the world. Her work was recently featured in an exhibition at the Palazzo Loredan of the Instituto Veneto di Sciencze, Lettere ed Arti, in Venice, Italy.
2014 Smithsonian Visionary Artists
Wendell Castle (1932- 2018)
Lauded as the father of the art furniture movement, celebrated American artist Wendell Castle was a sculptor, designer and educator for over five decades. From the outset of his career, Castle pushed furniture into the realm of art more than any designer had before. To view his work is to witness an erasure of the lines between art, craft and design. He is renowned for his superb craftsmanship, whimsically organic forms and original techniques for stack-laminating wood.
Mr. Castles’s work can be found in the permanent collections of over 50 museums worldwide including the Smithsonian’s Renwick Gallery, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. He has received numerous awards, grants and honors for his accomplishments.
Albert Paley is the first metal sculptor to receive the coveted Institute Honors awarded by the American Institute of Architects. The allure of Paley’s art comes through its intrinsic sense of integration of art and architecture.
Mr. Paley began his career as a jewelry artist when, in 1974, he won a commission to fabricate Portal Gates for the Smithsonian’s Renwick Gallery. It changed his life. He has since competed in more than 50 site-specific monumental works. Recent works include three sculptures for National Harbor outside DC, a long archway for the St. Louis Zoo, and a gate for the Cleveland Botanical Gardens. He was the featured artist for the summer 2013 exhibition on Park Avenue for which he produced 13 monumental steel sculptures.
Albert Paley’s work can be found in the permanent collections of many major museums. He holds an endowed chair at the Rochester Institute of Technology.